Located on the Atacosita Trail nearing the crossing of the Colorado
River, families from the Deep South settled here with the Stephen
F. Austin 1st and 2nd colony of Mexico. In 1827 the community was
named "Egypt" because of biblical associations with plentiful
corn & sugar cane when colonist struggled to survive droughts.
Egypt's settlers were noted patriots of the Republic of Texas and
young statehood. W.J.E. Heard, Captain of Company F in the Texas
Army's decisive, San Jacinto Battle, Gonzales 1836 & again in
1842 during the Woll Campaign. Gail Borden, Surveyor & reknown
inventor of condensed milk. Wm Menefee, signer of Texas Declaration
of Independence from Mexico. Maj. Andrew Northington, Passenger
Stage Coach and Freight Operator and Surveyor.
Later generations of Heards, Northingtons, Duncans & Hudgins
provided their children with formal educations and developed large
herd of cattle, oil & gas, rice, cotton & corn. Former slaves
became Tenant Farmers farming their own land, operating their own
schools, businesses & churches. Descendents, guest and visitors
still enjoy its rural lifestyle, living close to the land, weather,
sharing the work load and fruits of their labor with family, neighbors
The Heard's fostered their home as a center of commerce, religion,
social life & military strategic planning. By 1849 the existing,
story and a half, dormered, Georgian Revival red brick home was
built from sun-dried, local clay replacing the log, dog-trot home.
George and his brother, William A. Northington, e massed a fortune
in land development in Wharton and Glen Flora. Today Egypt Plantation
is still owned by Northington descendents who raise cattle &
operate numerous business on this historic property.
THE NORTHINGTON & DUNCAN PARTNERSHIP
In the 1880's, George H. Northington's closest friend, Green Cameron
Duncan of Eagle Lake purchased adjacent land from John C. Clark.
They formed a business partnership in cattle, cotton, corn &
general merchandising that lasted 20 successful years.
Green C. Duncan's venture in cattle, cotton, corn proved successful
acquiring thousands of acres on which the Duncan family continues
to own & operate a large cattle herd, cultivate rice & develop
its oil & natural gas reserves. The 1850's one story, brick,
Greek Revival home was enlarge in 1900, adding a two story, Classical
Revival addition along with tennis courts, swimming pool, stables,
formal gardens & a magnolia-lined drive.
EGYPT'S LIFE STYLES and ECONOMY
STORES, SALOONS, SCHOOLS,
RICE DRYER, RACE DRYER,
RAILROAD CENTER and CULTURE
Egypt was located at the crossroads where "highways" met
railroad lines & river barges hauled cotton, sugar cane &
rice down the Colorado River to foreign ports. Heard built a Cotton
Gin & Sugar Cane Mill. Later, both Northington & Duncan
built Cotton Gins. Duncan built a Rice Dryer that still stands today.
There were two general stores, post office, railroad depot, 2 one-room,
public school houses & housing for ranch hands, farm laborers
& store employees. The Northington Horse Race Track fostered
regional horse breeding & racing events. Trailing riding ventures
for the Houston Fat Stock Show marked Egypt as a 20th C social center
of Texas Cattlemen culture. Abundant Goose hunting continues to
lure hunters from near & far.
THE ARTS IN EGYPT, TEXAS
Clarissa Beard Northington (Mrs. Mentor) contributed greatly to
Egypt's artistic notority. The "Queen of Egypt" wrote
& published poetry, painted watercolors entertaining attracting
artists & guest from all over the world to Egypt, Texas.